Real estate transactions are complex affairs, often requiring the expertise of various professionals to successfully execute. Among these professionals, real estate lawyers play an indispensable role in closing property deals, particularly in Calgary, Alberta, where the real estate market is vibrant and competitive. Understanding the role of these legal experts can significantly enhance the transaction experience for all parties involved, providing assurance and efficiency.

Understanding Real Estate Law in Alberta

To appreciate the role of real estate lawyers in Calgary, it’s essential to grasp a basic understanding of real estate law in Alberta. This area of law regulates land and anything attached to it, including buildings and other structures. It covers several legal disciplines, including contract law, property law, constitutional law, and even aspects of environmental law.

In Alberta, it is customary for a lawyer to handle the closing of a real estate transaction. Unlike in some provinces where a notary public may be sufficient, real estate transactions in Alberta require the presence and signature of a lawyer.

The Role of Real Estate Lawyers in Closing Property Deals

Reviewing and Preparing Legal Documents

One of the most significant roles of a real estate lawyer is reviewing and preparing legal documents. This includes purchase agreements, mortgage documents, title documents, and transfer papers. Lawyers ensure that these documents comply with all legal requirements and protect the client’s interests. In doing so, they help to prevent potential legal disputes and complications that could arise from poorly drafted or executed documents.

Conducting Title Searches

A title search is a crucial part of any property transaction, and it is typically performed by the buyer’s lawyer. This process involves reviewing public records to ensure that the seller legitimately owns the property and that there are no liens, easements, or other issues that could affect the transaction or the buyer’s intended use of the property. If any problems are identified during the title search, the lawyer will work to resolve them before the transaction proceeds.

Managing Funds

Lawyers also manage funds during a real estate transaction. They often hold the buyer’s deposit in a trust account and coordinate the transfer of funds to the seller upon closing. This role involves ensuring that all financial obligations are met, such as paying outstanding taxes, settling mortgage balances, and distributing proceeds from the sale.

Representation at Closing

At the closing of the property deal, the real estate lawyer serves as the representative of the buyer or the seller. This representation involves ensuring all documents are signed and exchanged correctly, money is disbursed accurately, and all agreed-upon conditions are fulfilled. After the closing, the lawyer also records the deed and other relevant documents with the appropriate government entity.

Legal Advice and Representation

Real estate lawyers provide legal advice throughout the transaction. This advice can cover a wide range of issues, from interpreting contract terms to understanding the implications of certain legal requirements. If disputes arise during the transaction, the lawyer will also represent their client, negotiating on their behalf and advocating for their interests.


In summary, the role of real estate lawyers in closing property deals in Calgary, Alberta is multifaceted and essential. They navigate the intricate legal landscape, ensuring that the transaction complies with the law, protecting their clients’ interests, and facilitating a smooth and efficient process. Whether you’re buying or selling property in Calgary, engaging a real estate lawyer can provide peace of mind and a safeguard against potential legal complications. Always choose a lawyer with extensive experience in real estate law and a deep understanding of the Calgary market to ensure the best possible results.